The Indian sarees or saris are strip of cloths which have no stitches. It may be available with or without designs on the cloth. The tradition of weaving these famous sarees in these villages has been passed on from one generation to another. These Famous Indian sarees are usually woven from pure silk. Banaras (also known as Vanaras) is a well known place in India and is famous for its Benarasi Saris. Banaras is the other name for Silk Saris. Thousands of weavers are engaged in weaving Banarasi saris. It is interesting to note that Banarasi saris gained popularity during the Mughal Period.Today Banarasi sarees are being exported worldwide.
Banarasi sarees can be divided mainly into four varieties : They are pure silk (katan); organza (kora) with zari and silk; georgette, and shattir. The sari making is more of a cottage industry for millions people around Banaras encompassing Gorakhpur and Azamgarh as well.
Most of the silk is purchased from South India. Weaving a normal sari takes around 15 days to one month. In weaving the warp, they create the base, which runs into 24 to 26 meters. There are around 5600 thread wires with 45-inch width. At the weaving loom, three people work. One weaves, the other works at the revolving ring to create lacchis (rolled bundles). At this juncture, another important process is initiated. This is designing the motifs. There are several traditional artists in Varanasi who, though not formally trained in designing, create wonderful designs for saris.
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